What is Glycemic Index?
Glycemic index is a measure of how quickly a food can make your blood sugar rise.
All the foods that contain carbohydrates have glycemic index. Other foods such as oils, fats, meat don’t have glycemic index.
Low glycemic index increase sugar very slowly in your body Whereas high glycemic index foods increase sugar very quickly.
For diabetics high glycemic index foods make it difficult to control body sugar.
On the basis of glycemic index foods are classified into
- Low glycemic index foods 45 to 55
- Medium glycemic index foods 56 to 69
- High glycemic index foods above 70
High Glycemic Food to be avoided by Diabetic Patients
Diabetic patients must avoid high glycemic index foods such as white bread, white rice cakes, boiled potatoes, mashed potatoes, french fries, corn flakes, corn chips, donuts, dates, water melon, honey, wafers.
Low Glycemic Food recommended for Diabetic Patients
Diabetic patients should take low glycemic index foods like milk, chickpeas, kidney beans, baby liver beans, orange, carrots, apple, peach, peanut.
For non-vegetarian diabetic patients, they can take white meat – not red meat, eggs without yoke, fish and seafood.
Factors affecting glycemic index are level of processing, ripeness, and preparation.